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The changing nature of the family

發布于2019-10-25 作者:留學寫作網 閱讀:
這是一篇英國essay范文,討論了隨著社會生活的發展,英國傳統的婚姻家庭結構和觀念發生了深刻的變化。英國家庭也發生了一些新的變化。在社會變遷劇烈的背景下,家庭呈現出新的類型,如單親家庭、重組家庭、同性戀家庭等。眾所周知,家庭是最基本的社會單位之一。它的變化將影響社會。在本文中,我們將討論家庭性質的變化,并分析英國家庭變化的原因。本文首先介紹英國的家庭類型,然后給出三個社會科學學科來解釋家庭變化的原因。最后,本文將對如何理解英國家庭的這些變化提出建議。
With the development of social life, traditional marriage family structure and idea have changed deeply in the UK. And there are some new changes of families in the UK. The familyhas new type under the background of the intensity of the social change, for example, lone parent families, reconstituted family and homosexual family. As we known, the family is one of the most elementarysocial unit. Its changes will affect society. In this essay, we will argue the changing nature of the family and analyse the reasons of changing in the UK. First, this essay will show the family types in the UK, and then give three social science disciplines to explain the reasons of family changed. Finally, this article will give advice how to understand these changes of family in the UK.

家庭結構是家庭結構的類型,這些類型的結構主要是根據世代記憶結構、婚姻狀況、親屬關系等因素。一般來說,家庭有五種類型,例如單親家庭、核心家庭和繼家庭。首先,多家庭被稱為聯合家庭或擴大家庭,指的是兩代夫婦及其子女,以及更多的親屬家庭,包括已婚兄弟。這種家庭類型的人最多,其次,直系家庭被命名為STEM家庭,包括夫妻、父母、子女,甚至第四代。第三,核心家庭包括兩個家庭和未結婚的子女,包括單親家庭、繼家庭和空巢家庭;第四,單身家庭是指未婚或喪偶,離婚后的獨居家庭生活。最后,還有特殊的家庭,比如同性戀家庭(Crompton,1996年)。
Family structure is the type of family structure, and these types of structure is mainly according to the generation remember structure, marital status, and kinship and other factors. Generally speaking, there are five types of family, for exapmle,lone parent families, nuclear families and step families.First, multipe-family is called for combined family or expanded family, refers to two generations of couples and their children, and more family of relatives, including married brothers. This family type has the highest number of people.Second,lineal family is named of stem family, including the husband and wife, parents, children, even the fourth generation. Third, the nuclear family involes a couple of households and children unmarried, includinglone parent families, step family and empty nester family.Fourth, single family refers to never married or widowed, the alone family life after divorced. Finally, there is special family such as gay family(Crompton,1996).

18世紀英國社會傳統家庭比其他家庭都要多,擴大家庭成為當時社會的主流。然而,世界近代工業革命卻掀起了人類歷史的一次飛躍。隨著科學技術的飛速發展,人類生活方式的改變,傳統的婚姻家庭受到現代潮流的猛烈沖擊,傳統的家庭制度和家庭觀念面臨著時代的挑戰,尤其是20世紀后期,由于社會的原因,家庭受到了前所未有的沖擊。發展、人民觀念的轉變和人格的解放,核心家庭類型已成為主流(休斯,2004年)。我們將從以下幾個方面探討家庭性質改變的原因。
In the 18th century, Britshsocial traditional family was more than others family, and the expanded family had become the mainstream of the society at that time. However,modern industrial revolution in the world aroused a leap of human history. With the rapid development of science and technology, human life style changed, traditional marriage family is violently impacted by the modern trend, the traditional family system and the family idea faces the challenge of times, especially in the later of 20 th century, the family has suffered from the unprecedented impac,because of the society development, the changes of the people idea and the liberation of the personality, nuclear family type has become main trend(Hughes,2004).We will discuss the reasons of changing the nature of family from the following aspects.

For one thing, in the past, most of women did not go to work, they must take care of their children and her husband, even the parents of her husband. “The majority of women did not have opportunities to job which could pay enough money for them”( Crompton,1997). This suggest that the women can not have the same right as men in the societal life, Even they fortunately can go to have a job, but they are paid less money. They are hardly be respected by men. But with the social and economic development, the woman status invisibly raised.

Since the 1960s, female idea on the occupation has had the biggest change. The French writer Gilles Lipovetsky pointed out that 80% of French people think the women engaged in the work could succeed in life by 1990. In the UK, it also had similar change trend. The change of idea directly reflects the increase of women's work number. To the later 90s, British women in labour markets are more than the proportion of males in the UK. This is the first time in the history. In 1994, the number of women participating in paid work has already accounted for 53%( Gittings,1985). This point is very obvious in young people. Therefore, it has become a behoove phenomenon which is the husband and wife work together and earn double pay.

In addition to the number of work change, female evaluation on theirself competence and their employment structure also have change. Since the 1960s, the number and proportion of girls applying for go to university began to rise. They not only study arts and social sciences, but also more and more female students turn up in biological sciences and mathematics field. They show more positive attitude to job and show better flexibility and sociability. Their efforts are paid to a certain extent.

In the 1980s and 1990s, British women had main goal: female independent organically combined with female features. On the one hand, they will continue to pursue independence. They hope to find their own the field except the family. On the other hand, they also do not give up natural right as mother. For them, it is important in the process that they fulfill the responsibilities of mothers is not subject to male. So after World War II, women got a "dual role" in the 1980s or 1990s in Britain. Now this image still continues, but the important thing is that they hope to change to overemphasize for the family role through their own more efforts, and increase the significance of their work, minimizing the trouble from the family. They get the same rights as man, they do not need to depend on the men to live( Gittings,1985).
 
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